AI HELPS FORECAST VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
Volcanoes are one of the most important geological forces on the planet. Their activity can halt air travel, impact air quality, force evacuations and damage communities.
It isn’t currently possible to predict when one might blow or for how long. But there are important indicators, including changes in seismic activity, temperature, gas emissions and the shape of the ground, that can alert researchers whether a volcano may be shifting from dormant into a more explosive mode, scientists say.
Increasingly, volcanologists are turning to artificial intelligence to help them sift through these data streams, which come from sensors on the ground, in the sky and in space. Their aim is to eventually build a cloud-based system that can more accurately forecast volcanic activity based on input from many volcanoes around the world.